The Employer Sponsored (subclass 457) visa is for Australian or overseas business to employ overseas workers in certain occupations in Australia. The process requires, the Employer to be approved as a Sponsor and lodge and have approved a nomination application and for the overseas worker to lodge a visa application. The Employer Sponsored visas can be granted for up to 4 years depending on certain parameters.
The Employer Nominated Permanent (subclass 186) visa allows Australian business to nominate overseas workers for permanent residency, including in Regional Australia. The 2-stage application involves a nomination application by the business and a visa application by the Applicant. Applicants may be lodged under the Direct Entry, Temporary Residence Transition or Agreement stream. Eligibility criterion for permanent visa is dependent on a number of factors such as location and application stream.
There are a number of visas available for family members to come and visit or permanently stay with their Australian family. These include Partner (subclass 820/801 and subclass 309/100) visas and Prospective Marriage (subclass 300) visas and various Parent visas. There may also be options for family members to apply for short term visas to visit family in Australia.
If an application is refused by the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Applicants (or their Sponsors) may have a right to review of the refusal of the application at the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. Review Applications can be complicated and need to be well prepared.